- 帖子:4783Signing with your baby or toddler: How to communicate before your child can talk
How it works
It's not surprising that babies can learn how to sign. Both their understanding of language and their motor skills develop much faster than their ability to speak. And they love to mimic: Most babies, for example, discover how to wave and point long before they can say "bye bye" or "look at that!"
The idea of taking this one step further and teaching babies a vocabulary of signs was inspired by child development expert Joseph Garcia. Having discovered how easily hearing babies of deaf parents learned sign language, he also noticed that these babies appeared less demanding than babies who didn't know sign language because they could express their thoughts and needs more easily. So why shouldn't hearing parents of hearing babies enjoy the benefits of signing, too? After all, Garcia figured, if a baby can sign for what she wants instead of screaming, everyone ― Mom, Dad, and their baby ― will be happier. While baby signing doesn't promise to cut out tears or tantrums, babies as young as 6 months old have been taught to "sign" successfully, and a number of organizations run baby-signing classes in the United States and in other countries.
Benefit: Less frustration
Teaching your baby to sign isn't hard, although it takes patience. And even just a few easy signs ― like "drink" (thumb to mouth, tilting up) ― can make all the difference, as one mom, Emma Finlay-Smith, discovered: "The first sign we tried, when Isabella was about 11 months old, was the sign for 'drink.' At first I thought she wasn't paying any attention. But about a week or so after we started, she was sitting playing with her toys when she looked up and signed to me. I thought she was waving hello, then my husband spotted that she was signing 'drink.' It was like when she took her first step ― she was delighted and so were we! As she learned more words, her frustration levels dropped dramatically."
Benefit: A closer bond
Mom Sharon Mason says signing gives her an extra-special bond with her son Morgan, 16 months: "Morgan has a vocabulary of about 30 words and he's starting to string signs together. He comes and tells me if our dog is asleep (first fingers and forefingers of both hands pointing downward) or if he can hear an airplane (swooping his hand). It's wonderful knowing what's going on inside his head. I also love being able to talk to him even when he's on the other side of the room. At playgroup the other day I noticed he was looking a bit panicky ― I couldn't reach him easily so I signed 'I love you' (hugging myself, looking at him), instead."
Benefit: Helping language develop
Parents may worry that teaching their baby to sign will interfere with normal speech development. In fact, according to recent research, the opposite is true: Signing may actually improve language and vocabulary. Signing, as Garcia points out, is about enhancing, not replacing language. It has to be used alongside normal speech so your baby can make the link between the gesture and the word. And because you need to make sure your baby is looking at you, she's concentrating hard on what you're saying as well as on what you're doing. When your baby can sign back, communication becomes two-way. If, for example, she tells you she can hear a plane, you can respond, "You heard an airplane? Yes, I can see it. Look, it's over there. Isn't it loud?" In this way, you probably spend more time talking to your child, which is one of the best ways of helping speech develop.
How to do it
• As with any new skill, it's important to go at your baby's pace and keep it fun. The best time to start is when your baby begins to develop a real desire to communicate. This is usually around 9 or 10 months ― you'll notice your baby is more sociable, starts to babble, and uses noises and facial expressions to get your attention.
• Start with a sign for something she's interested in. Lots of babies quickly pick up the sign for "more" in relation to food!
• Every time you use the word, show your baby the sign, too. Always use the same sign, use lots of repetition, and emphasize the key word along with the sign, so your baby can clearly see and hear the connection: "Do you want some more? You'd like some more would you? Okay, let's get you some more!"
• Your baby may try the sign herself after a few days, or it may take several weeks ― be patient. Make it as fun as you can. Babies are much more likely to learn from something they enjoy doing.
• If you want to go to baby-signing classes, you'll see resources listed at the end of this article. Many of the companies that offer classes produce books and DVDs that you might find helpful ― look for details on their Web sites.
Some signs to try
Different experts recommend different signs ― Garcia's "Sign With Your Baby" program is based on American Sign Language, while the "Baby Signs" program created by psychologists Linda Acredolo and Susan Goodwyn uses a set of simple signs designed for babies. Either of these systems will do the trick, but there's no reason why you can't make up your own signs instead. Any gesture that obviously mimics the meaning of the word works well, for example:
• "food" ― put your finger tips to your lips
• "all gone" ― move your hand, palm up, backward and forward
• "scared" ― tap your chest again and again
• "hot" ― put your hand out and withdraw it quickly
• "where?" ― shrug your shoulders, with your palms held out
• "rabbit" ― wrinkle up your nose or hold up two fingers
• "car" ― steer an imaginary wheel
• "book" ― hold hands flat with palms up
Lachlan (10 months) signing "more"
Lachlan (10 months) signing "eat"
• Sign2Me, expert Joseph Garcia's Web site, offers an explanation of his signing program and information on local instructors and classes.
• Baby Signs is the Web site for Baby Signs authors Linda Acredolo and Susan Goodwyn. The site offers information on their signing program as well as local instructors and classes.
• The Signing With Your Baby Web site features tips and information, a discussion group for signing parents, photos of babies using signs, and links to online signing dictionaries.
• Michigan State University's online American Sign Language (ASL) browser shows the signs for thousands of different words.
- 所在地: BedfordVideo Dictionary of Signs
617-269-6288 South Boston
室内外全活,十年装修经验, 商业,住宅,餐馆,新建加建Carlos Xu
特价旅游团 豪华游轮 中国十年签证 24小时电话客服第1页/共1页
负离子游离子直发迎家房产公司 - 黄必平
学开车, $30! 成功驾校, 祝您成功!第一家贷款 宋锡勇 万媛媛
最便宜的机票+最优质的服务MT Law 律师事务所